Liver Disorders Treatment > Acute Hepatitis Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment
Find here the details of Signs & Symptoms of Acute Hepatitis, Diagnosis of Acute Hepatitis, Prevention of Acute Hepatitis & Latest Acute Hepatitis Treatment procedure.
Signs & Symptoms of Acute Hepatitis
Some people infected with a hepatitis virus have no symptoms, or symptoms are so mild they are not noticed. In other cases, the disorder may be life threatening. If hepatitis is due to a viral infection, the time from infection to the appearance of symptoms of Acute Hepatitis can vary from up to 6 weeks for hepatitis A to 6 months for hepatitis B. Some people who have no symptoms may become carriers of the virus. If symptoms do develop, they may initially include:
· Fatigue and a feeling of ill health.
· Poor appetite.
· Nausea and vomiting.
· Discomfort in the upper right side of the abdomen.
In some cases, several days after the initial symptoms of Acute Hepatitis develop, the whites of the eyes and the skin take on a yellow tinge, a condition known as jaundice. Often, the initial symptoms improve once jaundice appears. At this time, the feces may become paler than usual, and widespread itching may be present. Acute Hepatitis caused by the hepatitis B virus may also cause joint pains.
Severe Acute Hepatitis may result in liver failure, causing mental confusion, seizures, and sometimes coma. Liver failure is relatively common following an overdose with the analgesic acetaminophen, but it is less common with some types of hepatitis, such as those due to the hepatitis A virus.
Diagnosis of Acute Hepatitis
If the Acute Hepatitis is suspected the blood tests to evaluate the liver function will be done. Possible causes of hepatitis will be looked into. Blood tests will probably be repeated in order to help monitor your recovery. If the diagnosis is unclear, the person may also undergo ultrasound scanning and in some cases a liver biopsy, in which a small piece of liver is removed and examined under a microscope.
Acute Hepatitis Treatment
There is no specific treatment for most cases of acute hepatitis, and people are usually advised to rest. Consult your doctor before taking any medicines, such as analgesics, because there is risk of side effects. If you have viral hepatitis, you will need to take precautions to prevent the spread of the disease. You should avoid drinking alcohol during the illness and for a minimum of 3 months after you have recovered from inflamed liver condition. However, if the cause was alcohol related, you will be advised to give up drinking alcohol permanently.
Most people with acute hepatitis feel better after 4-6 weeks and recover by 3 months. However, for some people with hepatitis C, recovery is followed by a series of relapses over several months. About 3 in 4 people with hepatitis C and 1 in 20 with hepatitis B and D develop chronic hepatitis. People with acute hepatitis caused by an infection other than the hepatitis viruses usually recover completely once the infection clears up. Recovery from acute hepatitis due to excessive alcohol consumption, extent of the liver damage. The substance causing the acute hepatitis must be avoided in the future. In the rare cases in which hepatitis progresses to liver failure, a liver transplant may be necessary.
Prevention of Acute Hepatitis
Infection with Hepatitis A and E may be prevented by good personal hygiene. The risk of infection with hepatitis B, C, and D can be reduced by practicing safer intimate relations and by not sharing needles or other objects that might be contaminated with body fluids infected with the virus. Infection with one hepatitis virus provides future immunity against that virus but not against any of the other types of hepatitis virus.
In the U.S, all babies routinely receive a schedule of immunizations against hepatitis B from birth. Immunizations that protect people against hepatitis A are also given to those at risk of contracting the infection, such as travelers (travel health). To avoid the transmission of hepatitis through blood transfusions, blood banks routinely screen all blood for the hepatitis B and Hepatitis C viruses.
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