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Kidney Disorders Treatment > Chronic Kidney Failure Treatment Procedure Details

Find here the details of the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment procedure of the chronic kidney failure.
Chronic Kidney Failure: Gradual and progressive loss of function in both kidneys.
In chronic kidney failure, progressive damage gradually reduces the ability of the kidneys to remove excess water and wastes from the blood for excretion as urine. As a result, waste substances start to build up in the body and cause problems. In many cases, kidney function is reduced by over 60% before the buildup begins; by this time, often after months or perhaps years, the kidneys may be irreversibly damaged. Dialysis or a kidney transplant may therefore become necessary.

What are the causes of the Chronic Kidney Failure?

Chronic Kidney Failure can be due to disorders that progressively damage kidney tissue, such as polycystic kidney disease or glomerulonephritis. The condition may also be the result of generalized disorders, such as diabetes mellitus or high blood pressure (hypertension). People who have sickle-cell anemia are at risk of developing Chronic Kidney Failure if abnormal blood cells block the small vessels that supply the kidneys. Chronic Kidney Failure can also follow prolonged blockage of the urinary tract, such as that caused by an enlarged prostate gland.


What are the symptoms of the Chronic Kidney Failure?

The initial symptoms of Chronic Kidney Failure appear gradually over weeks or months and are often vague, such as weakness and loss of appetite. Obvious symptoms may then develop, including:

  • Frequent urination, particularly during the night.
  • Pale, itchy, and easily bruised skin.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Persistent hiccups.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Muscular twitching.
  • Pins and needles.
  • Cramps in the legs.


The condition is associated with a number of complications, such as high blood pressure, which may be an effect as well as a cause of kidney failure; bone thinning (osteoporosis); and anemia, in which the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood is reduced. Disturbance in blood chemistry caused by kidney failure may lead to conditions such as hyperparathyroidism.


How is Chronic Kidney Failure diagnosed?

If you have symptoms of Chronic Kidney Failure, your doctor will probably have samples of your blood and urine tested to detect abnormally high levels of waste products. You may also have ultrasound scanning, radionuclide scanning, or CT scanning to assess the size of the kidneys; abnormally small kidneys are often a sign of chronic kidney failure. In addition, you may need to undergo a kidney biopsy, a procedure in which a small piece of kidney tissue is removed and examined under a microscope to determine the nature of kidney damage.


What is the treatment procedure for Chronic Kidney Failure?

Treatment for Chronic Kidney Failure is directed at the underlying cause. Corticosteroids may be used to treat some forms of glomerulonephritis. Drugs for high blood pressure (Antihypertensive drugs) may also be given, whether the condition is a cause or a result of chronic kidney failure. If there is an obstruction in the urinary tract, you will probably need surgery to relieve it. In addition, your doctor will monitor the progress of the disease and the effectiveness of your treatment with regular checkups.


What is the Prognosis for Chronic Kidney Failure?

The prognosis for Chronic Kidney Failure depends on the cause and severity of the kidney damage. If your doctor is able to treat the cause and prevent further damage to your kidneys, you may not need dialysis. However, in many cases, treatment only slows the rate of deterioration. After several months or even years, Chronic Kidney Failure may develop into end-stage kidney failure, in which the damage is irreversible. At this stage, dialysis or a kidney transplant operation is required.

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