End Stage Kidney Failure: Irreversible loss of the function of both kidneys, which is often life-threatening.
Find here the details of the Kidney Transplant Treatment Procedure For End Stage Kidney Failure along with the symptoms, diagnosis of End Stage Kidney Failure.
In end-stage kidney failure, the kidneys have permanently lost more than 90 percent of their normal function. They are therefore unable to filter waste products and excess water out of the blood for excretion as urine. End-stage kidney failure usually progresses from chronic kidney failure. If prompt action is not taken to replace the function of the failed kidneys with dialysis or a kidney transplant, the condition is inevitably fatal.
What are the symptoms of End Stage Kidney Failure?
The main symptoms of end-stage kidney failure usually include:
- Greatly reduced volume of urine.
- Swelling of the face, the limbs, and the abdomen.
- Severe lethargy.
- Weight loss.
- Headache and vomiting.
- Furry tongue.
- Very itchy skin.
Many people who have end-stage kidney failure also have breath that smells like ammonia, an odor similar to that of household bleach.
How is it diagnosed of End Stage Kidney Failure?
If your doctor suspects end-stage kidney failure, he or she will first arrange for urine tests and blood tests to detect abnormal levels of waste products in these body fluids. If the cause of kidney failure has not already been identified, you may also have to undergo imaging procedures such as ultrasound scanning, CT scanning, or radionuclide scanning, to detect abnormalities in your kidneys.
What is the Treatment for End Stage Kidney Failure?
Kidney dialysis, the usual treatment for end-stage kidney failure, takes over the function of filtering harmful waste products from the blood and controlling the water balance of the body. However, long-term dialysis may lead to complications such as gradual weakening of the bones (Osteoporosis). Anemia, in which the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood is reduced, may develop due to lack of the hormone erythropoietin, which is made in the kidneys and stimulates red blood cell production. However, anemia is easily treated by injections of erythropoietin.
A kidney transplant offers the best hope of returning to a normal lifestyle. The main drawback of a transplant is that you will need to take immunosuppressants for the rest of your life to prevent your immune system rejecting the donor organ. Occasionally, a second transplant is needed if the first kidney stops functioning. If you do not have a kidney transplant, you will need dialysis for the rest of your life.
Kidney Transplant Treatment Procedure for End Stage Kidney Failure
End-stage kidney failure may be treated with a kidney transplant, which can take over the function of both diseased kidneys. An organ may be donated by a living relative or spouse or by someone who has consented to the use of their organs after death. The new kidney is placed in the pelvis during the operation; the diseased ones are usually left in place. A kidney transplant avoids the need for dialysis and often allows a normal lifestyle. During the operation of the kidney transplant, the new kidney is placed in the pelvis through an incision in the abdomen. The kidney is carefully positioned so that it can be connected easily to a nearby vein and artery and to the bladder.
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