Find here the Detailed Information about the Anorexia Nervosa Excessive Weight Loss Disorder, Causes and the symptoms about this problem.
Anorexia Nervosa: A false perception of body size that results in a long-term refusal in a long-term refusal to eat and severe loss of weight. People with Anorexia Nervosa have a false view of their appearance and size and are convinced, against all evidence to the contrary, that they are fat, even when they are terribly thin. They deliberately lose weight by a number of means, including dieting, exercising excessively, vomiting, and using laxatives. Those affected often go to great lengths to conceal these strategies and hide their weight loss from family and friends.
The condition can cause changes in hormone levels that may affect growth during adolescence and menstruation in girls and women. In severe cases, the loss of weight may be life-threatening.
What are the Causes for Anorexia Nervosa?
Anorexia Nervosa often develops following a normal weight-reducing diet. The huge importance placed on having perfectly slim body leads many people of normal or near normal size to diet unnecessarily, particularly if they lack self-confidence. Sometimes, the condition is triggered by stress and depression. Anorexia Nervosa often affects young people who are under pressure to succeed in a family that overemphasizes achievement. In these circumstances, a teenager may feel driven to take control over an aspect of his or her life by refusing to eat. The condition has become an occupational hazard for people such as models, gymnasts and ballet dancers, who are required to be extremely slim to succeed in their profession.
What are the Symptoms of the Anorexia Nervosa?
Almost everyone attempts to lose some weight from time to time, and teenagers are usually especially anxious to be slim. However, normal dieting needs to be distinguished from anorexia nervosa, in which a person who is already of average or low weight follows a reducing diet for a prolonged period. Symptoms and behaviour patterns that may be apparent early in the disorder include:
- Refusal to eat, particularly foods that are high in calories.
- An obsessional interest in the subject of food.
- Preoccupation with body weight and body size.
- Weight loss that may be concealed by wearing baggy clothes.
- A conviction that one is overweight.
- Use of appetite suppressants and laxative drugs.
- Exercising excessively.
Depression may develop as a complication and lead to self-harm and suicide attempts. Physical symptoms may appear gradually over weeks or months and become more obvious and extreme as the condition develops. They include:
- Extreme weight loss.
- Muscle wasting.
- Swollen ankles.
- Fine body hair on trunk and limbs.
- In women, an absence of menstrual periods. (Amenorrhea).
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